Category Archives: Writing Articles

Using the Five Senses to Enhance Your Writing

Author: XosepChu

Our words become our readers’ eyes, giving us a blank canvas upon which to paint a picture to tell our story. From the sight of a common fear, such as a spider creeping silently along the floor to the glimpse of a shadow on the stairway… sight is our greatest source of horror inspiration and description. When describing the sight of something terrifying there’s a huge resource at the writer’s disposal, because we can use our other senses to add glorious, gory detail to our descriptions. Here’s an example of how all five of our senses can be used to describe a simple scene:

The apple was bright green, its skin polished and shining as it nestled in the fruit bowl (sight). The scent was fresh, as though the fruit had just been plucked from the tree (smell). She took it from the bowl, her fingers closing around the firm smooth skin (touch) as she lifted it to her lips. The apple crunched loudly (sound) as her teeth cut through the skin into the tart, juicy flesh (taste). As the fresh juice ran down her throat she noticed a small black speck moving slowly in the creamy flesh. Closer inspection revealed that she hadn’t just taken a bite from the apple – she’d bitten through a fat, juicy worm.


Remember when you were a small child, and your parents put you to bed? Perhaps there was no nightlight, and the TV room was at the other end of the house…

You’re lying in your bed. All alone. Desperately waiting for your eyes to accustom to the dark you hear it – a soft, scratching noise – and it seems to be coming from under the bed. It lasts only a moment before it stops. You wonder if you were hearing things, and you’re so desperate for the darkness to lighten you forget to blink. The blackness seems to swirl around you, cloaking you in a thick, black fog through which no light can penetrate. Suddenly it’s there again, only this time the scratching seems closer. And louder. It seems to last a bit longer this time. So you hold your breath, because that darkness doesn’t seem to be lifting. You’ve lost the sense of sight, so by not breathing you hope to hear the sound more clearly, and identify its location…

The description above relies on the complete absence of the sense of sight. This is where fear comes in and can play a major descriptive role – in this case blind fear. To compensate for loss of sight the sense of hearing becomes more acute, so the writer can introduce other horror-inducing thoughts and impressions. Where is the sound coming from? How close is it? Will I be able to feel it if it decides to climb on the bed? When will my eyes get used to the darkness? Should I start panicking now? If I get out of bed will it jump on top of me?


This sense conjures up description of things most us will probably try to never touch, like slime, frogs and warty skin. All these items are perfect for the horror/scary genre, but writers can also take the more ordinary touch phobias and use those items to horrific effect. Some people cannot bear to touch velvet, while others are terrified of touching paper. Still others find their skin crawls when they encounter cotton wool…

Opening the wooden box in the hotel bathroom, she recoiled in horror. Nestling quietly in the bottom of the box, white and shining, was a cluster of cotton wall balls. She stepped back, collapsing on the side of the bath. The mere thought of feeling those soft fibres squeaking as the ball pressed against her skin was enough to induce goosebumps. She wrapped her arms around herself in a subconscious effort to protect her body from the fear she’d had her entire life. Just thinking about cotton balls made her skin crawl. She moaned quietly, remembering the silent noise they emitted when squeezed; a noise that seemed to pass right through her skin. Through her panic she wondered if she’d remember to pack her facial sponges…

Descriptions of this particular sense can been embellished with the use of physical reactions to feeling certain items; goosebumps, stepping away from the source of horror, collapsing with fear, subconscious act of defence (hugging the body) and a noise of fear (moaning). All these reactions add to the reader’s imagination, while adding to the picture your words are “painting”.


Bad smells in the horror/scary genre usually mean something bad is about to happen or has already happened. The smell of rotting or burning flesh is probably the most common description applicable to this genre, and the description of the smell can also be used to indicate how the death occurred. Bad household smells range from two week old pizza languishing in the refrigerator to potatoes burning in a pot on the stove. Adjectives include: smelly, reeking, fetid, malodorous, rank, putrid and noxious.

As she applied the finishing touches to the client’s hair, a sharp smell suddenly assaulted her nostrils. It was a smell she hated and dreaded, because it was an odour so terrible the memory remained burned into the subconscious forever. She froze as the acrid stench filled the air, assaulting her nostrils and her throat with its foul flavour. An instant later her salon filled with gasps and shrieks of horror. She turned towards the three ladies seated underneath the dryers. Mrs Hamilton and Mrs Edgar had managed to wriggle out from underneath their dryers, but poor Mrs Smith was unable to move. One of the pins from her rollers had obviously caught in the dryer, and ignited her hair. Smoke was seeping out of the top of the machine, which had started to spark. Placing her hand over her mouth and nose in a attempt to banish the malodorous scent she started to move towards Mrs Smith, who screamed as flames began flickering out of the dryer…”


Most, if not all of us, have an aversion to a certain food. We don’t like to eat it and the taste of it makes us feel sick. Perhaps the mere thought of tasting it is enough to induce some horrible thoughts and feelings.

The candlelight caught the designs on the wineglass, casting a dark crimson glow on the table. He lifted the glass to his lips, the rich musky flavour of the cabernet sauvignon still drifting over his taste buds. At the first sip of the wine he almost choked. There was obviously something wrong with this new bottle of wine, for the liquid in his mouth had a bitter, sour taste. Although the consistency was the same as the previous glass, there was an acidic flavour he could not identify… although it seemed vaguely familiar. He swirled the liquid around in his mouth before swallowing it. It seemed to sting his tongue and burn the roof of his mouth, and when he swallowed the acrid liquid his throat tingled. Suppressing the urge to cough he reached for the glass of water next to his plate and took a sip. As the cool water cleansed the tart taste from his palate his hostess lifted the bottle he’d used to fill his wineglass… and poured balsamic vinegar over her plate of salad.

Writers have a magnitude of adjectives at their disposal when describing the horror of tasting unappetising food. These include: pungent, sour, acrid, bitter, fetid, stinking, putrid, decaying, rancid, reek, stale and bad.

Real life can be far more fascinating than fiction, and using our senses in our writing proves this truth. So the next time you sit down in front of your keyboard tap in to those five senses, and see just how they can colour your words!

The writer was born in Africa, and lived there for the first 38 years of her life. She worked in the world of public relations for over five years, running her own PR company and dealing extensively with the world of journalism and the print media. She is an author on http://www.Writing.Com/, a site for Writers. Her blog can be visited at:

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Treatment of Literary Devices in Gothic Fiction

Author: Tanya Sanderst

Amongst popular and highly accepted form of literature, Gothic fiction too succeeded in emerging as an admired form of literature. Its unique concept and elaborated representation are positively accepted and well received by the readers. Gothic fiction is actually a marriage of supernaturalism with romanticism to create a thrilling sensation among the readers with complete involvement of their senses. Gothic fiction actually deals with the arousal of all senses to meet gloomy, terrifying or supernaturalism in the most heightened way to create mystery in the story to keep readers interest intact throughout. The foundation of strong and upholding gothic tales can only be materialise through intelligent fabrication of various literary devices that leave its reader awe-struck.

Literary devices serve the purpose of creating gothic in the most suitable manner and without implication or strong co-ordination between various literary devices only a deteriorating story can be established. Background landscape, date, time, setting and plot are the crucial elements in proposing a gothic literature. An old royal castle or dungeon surrounded by dried landscape, hustling sound of water, moonless night for extra darkness, owls, silence and gloomy nature or sounds are all elements that sets a horrifying background for the readers. A deteriorated labyrinths, passages or architecture which once was thriving with life and noise due to some curse or misdeed has turned into pale and silent collapsed building bounded with a mysterious past and deeply rooted emotions are few literary elements that keeps the track of gothic writing.

Along with the aged and collapsed buildings, forests or gloomy night settings, set of characters are of great importance to link up the story with the emotions and architectural buildings. A hero who possess the courageous and bold characteristics to counter attack the devil and escape people from his dangers, a wandering spirit or ghost or supernatural power who needs to be punished for his transgression, a lady who is followed cynically by the wandering sprit, a mysterious servant who knows all the secrets of link between past and present and most importantly a comic character to relax the senses of its readers but do not intend to divert their minds. These are all elements of literature without which a gothic master piece is impossible to create. Apart from the surroundings and atmosphere, story telling technique and the dialogues between characters adds enigmatic effect to the story with and effortlessly acts as a supportive agent in progressing story forward.

Gothic fiction are vastly based on revengeful storyline conducted by the outsider element due to false conception of being cheated that provokes him or her to get involve in evil deeds. The conflict and tension usually resolve as the outcome of hero’s heroism by imparting the knowledge of successfully winning of good deed over sinful attitude. Towards the end of the tale it is elucidated that social life is stronger than demeanour. Weather, time, elements of nature, sun, moon, stars and many other elements contributes to the rise of terrifying masterpiece to stir the humans for its horrifying romantic drama.

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Tanya Sanderst is the author of this article.

Literary Devices are a collection of universal artistic structures that are frequently employed by the writers to give meanings and a logical framework to their works through language.

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Six Point Of View Mistakes To Avoid When Writing Your Novel

Author: Mark Walton

Writing offers an opportunity to do something that filmmakers and artists can’t. You can allow your reader to get into the head of your characters.

Unlike TV, where you are a casual observer, writing permits you to weave a spell over the reader so that they become the character. They get to share their hopes and fears, experience the highs and lows – and at the very end of the book, walk away.

Despite this gift, too many writers throw it all away by committing basic point of view errors.

These errors can be obvious – and the reader winces when they see them. Or they can be subtle. The reader may not even recognise them as an error, but they jar anyway.

At the very best, a point of view error will pluck the reader out of the head of the character and put them in the narrator’s viewpoint. At worst, they will be confused and be unsure as to what the character does and doesn’t know.

Either way, the reader will be less able to identify with the character and that will ultimately weaken the story.

The following common errors are written from the point of view of John.

1. ‘John stared at Jane. She was thinking about last night.’

This seems quite obvious. How does John know what Jane is thinking? There are no clues given and it isn’t even speculative e.g. John hoped she was thinking about last night.

2. ‘John stared at Jane. He didn’t think he’d noticed how blue her eyes were before.’

How could you not know if you’ve noticed before? A narrator could speculate. You can speculate about a non-point of view character, but if you’re inside John’s head, you know if you’ve noticed something before.

3. ‘John stared at Jane. He barely suppressed a smirk.’

For a start, we tend not to know if we’re pulling faces. Smirks are something that we tend to do involuntarily. The second point is, how does he know he was a) going to smirk and b) that he suppressed it.

4. ‘John stared at Jane. She stared back with an angry frown on her face.’

If we’ve established that John knows Jane really well, then there is some mileage in this sentence – but it would still be better to indicate that it is an assumption e.g. ‘John knew that look…’ If they do not know each other intimately, I would suggest that John might a frown, but he couldn’t deduce it was an angry one. It could be from frustration, or she could be faking it.

As a side note, if you say someone is angry – they have to be angry. If you want to fool the reader into believing they are angry, you have to leave all the clues but let the reader deduce the ‘fact’ for themselves.

5. ‘John stared at Jane. He marvelled at the platinum and topaz earrings she wore.’

This is one that could be fine or could be really wrong. If John is in the jewellery trade, he could possibly know exactly what the earrings are made of. Or he could have bought them of course. Otherwise, it’s not something he should know. Giving a character knowledge outside his established frame of reference is sloppy writing – especially if the composition of the earrings is important later on. If it’s necessary, give him a reason to know.

6. ‘John stared at his wife Jane. She had short, blonde hair and was slim and athletic.’

When was the last time you looked at someone you know well and actually thought about their features? You just don’t do it. Again, you’ve leapt out of John’s head and become the narrator. If she’d died her hair, or lost lots of weight since he last saw her, he would notice. Otherwise, it’s a cheap writing trick to describe a character.

This isn’t a definitive list, but it represents the main ways that writers – even seasoned ones – make point of view errors.

Don’t let your readers disengage with your characters. Point of view is a powerful writing tool. You have to work hard to get the reader inside the character’s head. Once in there, make sure you keep them there.

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Mark Walton is the author of 26 Tips to Write Perfect Point of View, a self-help guide for writers. If you want to improve your chances of getting a story published then visit and see how quickly and easily your writing can advance.

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Writing Short Stories

Author: Samantha Asher
There are many good reasons to create short stories. They might be your preferred creative writing outlet. If you like the thought of a novel but the speed and quickness of a short story, you might enjoy writing short stories. They are great to practice, as well, even if you do want to write and publish a novel eventually. While there are many great reasons to write short stories, sometimes you can get stuck when you do sit down to write it. Here are some ideas to starting your short story, accomplishing your short story, and making it worth reading.

Before you begin writing anything, you have to have an idea. You can look for ideas for writing almost anywhere. Search around you for character ideas or you can even use ideas from your own experiences. When you have an idea, you can start writing your short story. Often the idea is the hard part. If you always have something to say, you are lucky.

Once you have your idea, you should plan out your story. It’s only a short story, so you don’t need a big outline. You could write down a few points about what is generally going to happen. You should also plan out your characters, too. If you don’t know your characters well beforehand, you will have trouble writing and may make some mistakes when trying to keep everything straight. Decide what your plot, conflict, and resolution are going to be.

When you start writing your short story, don’t stop to fix things. When it starts to flow, you won’t want to stop to fix mistakes. You might lose your train of thought. Luckily with short stories, they are pretty fast to write so the time it takes to start editing isn’t long. As you are writing, if you find that something in your story doesn’t work, go ahead and change it. This is something you will want to correct as you write to keep from rewriting too much.

When you finish writing, edit your work. You may want to take some time away from your story to refresh yourself before editing. Be critical with your work as if you are a professional editor looking to publish a good piece. If you aren’t sure about any words or ideas in your story, change it until it works for you. It is your story and there is no reason why you should have to write just an okay story. You should always love what you write. If you hate it, your reader will, too.

When you are done editing, look over your work one more time. Make sure you have a beginning, middle, and an ending. Make sure that there are no inconsistencies and that you have dialogue, descriptive writing, and any other parts of a story that fit well with your individual work. Have other people read your work and give you their opinion. Once it is polished to your liking, submit it to magazines, add it to your collection of short stories to publish, or do whatever you like with it.

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Do you want to learn more about how to write a short story and more creative writing? Cure writer’s block and go to

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